How Much of a Fruit or Vegetable Will I Need to Pick?

After you locate a pick-your-own farm near you, the next question that comes to mind is, how much should I pick in order to can, freeze, make jam, etc.? How much jam can I make from 6 quarts of berries?  How much applesauce will 2 bushels make? Then this is the page for you! The conversion and tables below should answer your questions.

I'm always looking for more to add and feedback, so please email me at the address at the bottom of the page!  And if you have a farm and want to add it or correct the information, please let me know!  

 

And if you want simple instructions how to make jam or how to make applesauce, just click here.

horizontal rule

 

Of course, the next logical question is how much does a bushel of a fruit or vegetable produce when canned or frozen?

Weights and Approximate Processed Yields of Common Fruits and Vegetables

 FRUITS
 If you have this much fresh:

 You  should get this much...

Commonly made products

 Canned
 Frozen
Apples
1 bushel 
(42-48 lbs)
1 bushel = 13 to 15 qt. canned applesauce (no sugar added), 15 - 18 with sugar

1 bushel = 10 to 12 qt. juice

16 - 20 quarts
32 - 40 pints
 3 lbs.
1 quart applesauce
1 quart
2 pints
8 medium apples = 2.25 lbs 1 nine-inch apple pie 
or
3 cups of applesauce
Berries (general)
(except strawberries)
24-quart crate
 
12 - 18 quarts
32 - 36 pints
5 - 8 cups
 
1 quart

 2 - 3 pints

Blackberries 1 quart 
(4 pints)
 Jam    
lbs.      
Blueberries 1 quart   1 pint  1 quart
3 lbs.    1 quart  
Cherries 1 quart   1 quart, unpitted
2 to 2 lb.   1quart, unpitted  
Grapes 1 bushel 16 qt. of juice    
2 quarts      
Peaches
1 bushel (48 lbs.)
 
18-24 quarts
32 - 48 pints

 2 - 2.5 lbs

    
 2 pints
Pears
1 bushel (56 lbs.)
 
20-25 quarts
40-50 pints
 2 - 2.5 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Plums 1 bushel   24 to 30 qt. canned  
2 to 2 lb.   1 quart  
Raspberries        
       
Strawberries
24-quart crate
 
12-16 quarts
38 pints
6 - 8 cups
 
1 quart
 2 pints
lbs.      
Tomatoes
1 bushel (53 lbs.)
 
15-20 quarts or 10-12 quarts juice
2.5 - 3 lbs.
 
1 quart canned
 
 VEGETABLES
Fresh
Commonly made products
Canned
Frozen
Asparagus        
3 - 4 lbs   1 quart 3 pints
Beans, Lima
1 bushel (32 lbs.)
 
6-8 quarts
12-16 pints
4 - 5 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Beets        
 3lbs   1 qt. canned  
Beans, Snap
1 bushel (30 lbs.)
 
15 - 20 quarts
30 - 45 pints
 1.5 - 2 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Cabbage        
       
Corn
(Sweet, in husk)
 1 bushel (35 lbs.)
 
8 - 10 quarts
14 - 17 pints
 6 -16 ears
 
1 quart
2 pints
Cucumbers      
     
Greens
 1 bushel (18 lbs.)
 
 6 - 9 quarts
 8 - 12 pints
 2 - 3 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Peas, Field
 1 bushel (30 lbs.)
 
 6 - 7 quarts
 12 - 15 pints
4 - 5 lbs.
 
1 quart
2 pints
Pumpkins one 10-lb pumpkin   2 quarts  
       
Squash (summer) (zucchini, crookneck, Patty Pan, etc.)         
3 lbs   1 quart  
Squash (winter)
(Hubbard, banana,
Acorn, Butternut, Buttercup)
 1 bushel (40 lbs.)
 
 16 - 20 quarts
 32 - 40 pints
3 lbs.   1 quart  

 

Volumes and Conversions

One of these

...is equal to:

1 Bushel

8 gallons (dry)

32 quarts (dry)

64 pints (dry)

4 pecks

2,150 cubic inches

1 Gallon

4 quarts

8 pints

16 cups

231 cubic inches

1 Quart

32 fluid ounces

58 cubic inches

2 pints

4 cups

1 Pint

16 fluid ounces

29 cubic inches

2 cups

1 Kilo (or kilogram)

2.205 pounds

1 Liter

1.057 quarts (liquid)

Weight per Bushel for Common Fruits and Vegetables

If you like to do a large quantity of canning and once and be done with it for a year, you may want to do what I do, either pick in large quantity, or find the local real farmer's market (like the one in Forest Park, Georgia) and get bulk quantities.  In which case, you need to know, how much is in a bushel of the fruit or vegetables?  this table should help!

 COMMODITY

Weight per bushel, in Pounds

 

 COMMODITY

Weight per bushel, in Pounds

Apples

42 lbs.

Mustard Greens

18 lbs.

Lima Beans (unshelled)

30 lbs.

Onions

57 lbs.

Pole Beans

28 lbs.

Peaches

50 lbs.

Snap Beans

30 lbs.

Field Peas

25 lbs.

Shelled Corn

56 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (fresh, green)

55 lbs.

Corn (in ear)

70 lbs.

Sweet Potatoes (cured, dry)

50 lbs.

Cowpeas

60 lbs.

Spinach

20 lbs.

Cucumbers

48 lbs.

Tomatoes

53 lbs.

Eggplant

33 lbs.

Turnips (without tops)

54 lbs.

English Peas (in hull)

30 lbs.

Turnip Greens (dry)

16 lbs.

Muscadines

50 lbs.

Turnip Greens (wet)

18 lbs.